Newly released video shows Asiana Flight 214 skidding down the runway in San Francisco after hitting a seawall. Three people died in the crash. Now a new report from the N.T.S.B. finds the pilots had warnings that the plane was descending too fast in the minutes before the crash. Rene Marsh has the latest.
Anderson discussed these latest revelations with Captain Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger.
When US Airways Flight 1549 ditched in the Hudson River and all of its 150 passengers and five crew members were safely rescued in January, the landing of the airplane by pilot Chesley Sullenberger was quickly proclaimed the "Miracle on the Hudson" and dominated national news for days.
A pilot who virtually grew up in airplane cockpits, writer William Langewiesche set out to analyze what happened in the five-minute flight of US Airways 1549, which lost power in both engines when it collided with a flock of Canada geese. His conclusion after writing a new book "Fly by Wire" - there was no miracle.
"I'm sure Mr. Sullenberger himself wouldn't have used that word," Langewiesche said in an interview with CNN. "There was no miracle. There was extremely skillful flying going on and skillful engineering in the background. You can include the flight attendants and the passengers. ... There was a lot of altruism, kind of a bravery, soberness. They were not hysterical, and there was no stampeding.
"Many good things happened, but they all related to the individual strength of the people involved. That includes [Bernard] Ziegler [the designer of the aircraft], Sullenberger, [co-pilot Jeffrey] Skiles and Patrick Harten, the air traffic controller - he was as good as it gets, offering alternatives, the backing off of alternatives, staying cool."
Editor's Note: Today, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) began its three-day public hearing on safety concerns raised by the “Miracle on the Hudson”. In January 2009, US Airways Flight 1549, captained by Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger, made an emergency landing in the Hudson River after Canadian geese flew into both engines almost immediately after take-off. In order to fully investigate the incident, the NTSB board will examine passenger and crew interviews as well as in-flight communications. Read the transcript below for the conversation between Capt. Sullenberger, his co-pilot Jeffrey Skiles and air traffic control right before their heroic landing.
National Transportation Safety Board
Communication between Capt. Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles in the cockpit:
[sound of thump/thud(s) followed by shuddering sound]
Skiles: oh #. [expletive]
Sullenberger: oh yeah.
[sound similar to decrease in engine noise/frequency begins]
Skiles: uh oh.
Part of the conversation between Capt. Sullenberger and air traffic controller Patrick Harten:
Harten: Cactus fifteen twenty nine turn right two eight
zero, you can land runway one at Teterboro.
Sullenberger: we can't do it.
Harten: kay which runway would you like at Teterboro?
Sullenberger: we're gonna be in the Hudson.
Harten: I'm sorry say again Cactus?
CNN Homeland Security Producer
For three now-famous minutes, the most frightened people in the world may have been the crew and passengers aboard US Airways flight 1549, as the plane headed for a splashdown in the Hudson River.
But for the next half hour, that unwelcomed distinction may have gone to Patrick Harten, the air traffic controller who communicated with Capt. Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger and then watched flight 1549 disappear from his radar screen.
"It was the lowest low I had ever felt," Harten, a 10-year veteran controller, said in testimony prepared for a congressional hearing Tuesday. It is Harten's first public appearance since the crash, and he will appear alongside the Flight 1549 crew.
Industry officials have praised Harten's cool demeanor during the January 15 incident, including the way he gave options to Sullenberger, how he cleared another airport for an emergency landing, and how he did not overburden the crew by requesting unnecessary information.
But Harten said the "hardest and most traumatic part of the entire event was when it was over."
"During the emergency itself, I was hyper-focused. I had no choice but to think and act quickly, and remain calm.
"But when it was over, it hit me hard. It felt like hours before I learned about the heroic water landing that Capt. Sullenberger and his crew had managed," he said. "Even after I learned the truth, I could not shake the image of tragedy in my mind. Every time I saw the survivors on the television, I imagined grieving widows."
The incident occurred about three hours into Harten's eight-hour shift, but only 15 minutes after he was assigned to handle departures from New York's LaGuardia airport. Harten said he instructed flight 1549 - which used the call sign Cactus 1549 - to climb to 15,000, then turned his attention to another aircraft.
When he turned back to 1549 to instruct him to turn west, Sullenberger advised him he had lost power in both engines because of a bird strike, and needed to return to LaGuardia for an emergency landing.
"While I have worked 10 or 12 emergencies over the course of my career, I have never worked an aircraft with zero thrust capabilities," Harten's testimony says. "I understood how grave this situation was."
Harten says he "made a split-second decision" to offer him runway 13, the closest runway, and contacted LaGuardia tower to clear the runways for an emergency.
When Sullenberger radioed "We're unable," he directed the plane to runway 31. Sullenberger again said "Unable."
Sullenberger suggested Teterboro airport, Harten said.
Harten said that coordinating with controllers in Teterboro, they determined that Runway 1 was the best option and cleared it for an emergency landing.
But Sullenberger said "We can't do it," adding, "We're going to be in the Hudson."
"I asked him to repeat himself, even though I heard him just fine. I simply could not wrap my mind around those words," Harten said. "People don't survive landings on the Hudson River; I thought it was his own death sentence. I believed at that moment, I was going to be the last person to talk to anyone on that plane alive."
Harten said he lost radio contact with 1549 and the plane disappeared from his radar screen as it dropped below New York's skyscrapers.
"I was in shock. I was sure the plane had gone down," he said.
But 1549 flickered back onto his radar screen, suggesting the plane had regained use of one of its engines.
Harten told the plane it could land at Newark, seven miles away, but he got no response.
"I then lost radar contact again, this time for good."
Soon thereafter, Harten was relieved of his radar position - a routine move following a major incident.
"I was in no position to continue to work air traffic. It was the lowest low I had ever felt. I wanted to talk to my wife. But I knew if I tried to speak or even heard her voice, I would fall apart completely."
Instead, he sent her a text message: "Had a Crash. Not ok. Can't talk now."
His wife thought he had been in a car accident.
"Truth was I felt like I'd been hit by a bus," he said.
Harten said it was six hours before he could leave work, after reviewing the tapes, filling out paperwork and making an official statement. All five crew members and 150 passengers survived the crash.
"It has taken over a month for me to be able to see that I did a good job: I was flexible and responsive, I listened to what the pilot said and made sure to give him the tools he needed. I stayed calm and in control."
"I returned to work this week, and while it may take time for me to regain my old confidence, I know I will get there," he said.
AC360° Associate Producer
I can hear the Octuplet Mom screaming at her television set now. Damn you, Sully Sullenberger, how dare you and your neatly trimmed mustache encroach on my morning show turf. Indeed, the broadcast networks presented us with an exciting dichotomy today.
On ABC and CBS, the hero US Airways pilot who saved 155 lives without breaking a sweat. On NBC, the woman who says that she will, in fact, be able to care for her 14 children…as soon as she goes back to school and they get full-time jobs.
As for Captain Chesley B. Sullenberger III, he’s back in New York for the aforementioned round of television interviews, including one tomorrow night with Larry King. I can picture it now. “Good to meet you Captain Sullenberger.”
“Please, Larry, (gives him the two-handed handshake, looks him in the eye and pauses a beat) call me Sully.” By then I’m hoping Sully will be channeling 50 Cent and wearing his Key to the City on a gold chain around his neck.